What is Black Fungus | Symptoms of Black Fungus | Sociology IQ

What is Black Fungus | Symptoms of Black Fungus | Sociology IQ

Mucormycosis, commonly called Black Fungus, may be a serious and rare mycosis affecting those affected by coronavirus in India.

The black fungus that invades the brain is being increasingly seen in vulnerable patients in India because the health system continues to struggle amid the pandemic.

This infection caused by a gaggle of fungi called mucormycetes. These are ubiquitous within the environment and may often be seen on rotting food. Despite being common within the environment, it doesn’t cause infection in humans as our immune cells can easily fight such pathogens.

Mucormycosis or Black Fungus may be a deadly mycosis found in some Covid-19 patients with uncontrolled diabetes and prolonged medical care unit (ICU) stay.

How does the infection start and progress?

The Central government in an advisory said the mycosis mainly affects people that are on medication that reduces their ability to fight environmental pathogens.


“Mucormycosis or Black Fungus if unmaintained for, may turn lethal. Lungs of such individuals get affected after fungal germs are inhaled from the air,” it said.

The sign of mucormycosis depend on where within the body the fungus is increasing.

Symptoms of mucormycosis or black fungus contain:

                                       

1)One-sided facial swelling
2)Headache
3)Nasal or sinus congestion
4)Black lesions on nasal bridge or upper inside mouth that rapidly become more severe
5)Fever

Symptoms of pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis contain:

1)Fever
2)Cough
3)Chest pain
4)Shortness of breath

Cutaneous (skin) mucormycosis can emerge as if blisters or ulcers, and therefore the infected region may turn black. Other symptoms contains pain, warmth, excessive redness, or swelling around a wound.

Symptoms of gastrointestinal mucormycosis include:

1)Abdominal pain
2)Nausea and vomiting
3)Gastrointestinal bleeding

Disseminated mucormycosis mostly occurs in people that are already sick from other medical conditions, so it are often hard to understand which symptoms are associated with mucormycosis or Black Fungus.

How Black Fungus is diagnosed?

Warning symptoms contain pain and redness around the eyes and nose, fever, headache, coughing, shortness of breath, bloody vomits and altered mental status, the advisory stated.

In COVID-19 patients with diabetes and immuno-suppressed singles, one must suspect mucormycosis if there’s sinusitis, one-side facial pain or numbness, blackish mark over the bridge of the nose or palate, toothache, blurred or diplopia with pain, skin lesion, thrombosis, pain and increase respiratory symptoms, it said.

Serious risk factors for this disease contains immunosuppression by steroids, prolonged ICU stay, malignancy and voriconazole therapy, the ICMR-health ministry advisory stated.

 

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