Status of Women in Indian History | Sociology IQ
STATUS OF WOMEN IN HISTORY
In the Rig Vedic Culture women enjoyed equal status with men. Women like men get education and perceived Bramhacharya and upanayana was also performed on them. They studied the Vedas. Women like Gosha, Apala, Vishvara composed Vedic hymns.
In the age of Upanishads there have been women like Gargi and Maithreyi. Women could own property and widows could remarry. They weren’t secluded from men and will freely participate publicly life. They enjoyed freedom of choice in marriages and settled their own marriages.
Monogamy was a general rule. Polyandry and sati were unknown. The position of women in Rig-Vedic period deteriorated within the later Vedic period. Daughter came to be considered a curse. However women still participated publicly life.They continued to possess the upanayana, received education and worked as teachers. Intermarriages between Bramhanas and kshatriyas weren’t unknown.
During the Buddhist period women weren’t denied learning. They took active part publicly life but didn’t enjoy the proper of Vedic studies. The position of women further deteriorated in Gupta age. Dowry as an establishment emerged during this period. Widows couldn’t remarry again. That they had to spend a life in penance and austerity, they had no right to property.
Sati became popular in 7h century AD. Some women did receive education like Lilavati in arithmetic and Khana in astronomy. The amount between 1206 and 1761 witnessed further deterioration within the position of women. During this duration of time female infanticide, child marriage, purdah system, jauhar, sati, and slavery were the most social evils affecting the status of women. The birth of a female was considered as bad luck.
Giving freedom to women was thought of because the predecessor of doom. Women were mostly uneducated and remained restricted to their homes. Conservatism, superstition and belief in magic, sorcery and witchcraft were a part of women’s existence. A woman’s devotion to her husband, children and residential was universally accepted as a positive value.