Status of Women in British Period | Sociology IQ
STATUS OF WOMEN IN BRITISH PERIOD
Sati, infanticide, slavery, child marriage, prohibition of widow remarriage and the lack of women’s rights were some of the social problems which attracted the attention of British Raj and social reformers alike.
The reform movements and the national movement generated social consciousness among women.
The All India Women’s Conference was established in January 1927. This concentrated on educational and social work among women.
Mahatma Gandhi brought women out into public life.
The women of middle classes came onward to take employment in 1930s and 1940s.
On matters of inheritance, marriage and the rights of married women the law applied was a mix on ancient Hindu law and British law.
The second half of 19th century witnessed several reforms. Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar started agitation for widow remarriage and were successful in getting The Hindu Widow Remarriage Act passed in 1856.
In 1861 a Widow Remarriage Association was formed. Further following legislations enhanced the status of women. Hindu law of Inheritance 1929, Hindu Women’s Right to Property Act of 1937, Hindu Marriage Disability Removal Act 1946 etc.