Patriarchy , Entitlements and Sexual Division of Labour | Sociology IQ
PATRIARCHY, ENTITLEMENTS AND SEXUAL DIVISION OF LABOUR
Patriarchy: Literally, rule by father, this idea is employed to ask a system that values men more and provides them power over women.
Sexual division of Labour :
A system during which all work inside the house is either done by the ladies of the family, or organized by them through the domestic helpers. Gender division may be a sort of hierarchical social division seen everywhere, but is never recognized within the sociological studies. The gender division inclined to be accept as natural and unchangeable. However, it’s not supported biology but on social expectations and stereotypes. Men and Women are mentioned to believe that the most responsibility of women is housework and mentioning children while men are alleged to be the bread winner of the family and thus engage in economic activities.
Manifestation of Patriarchy and Sexual Division of Labour :
- The persistent and increasing burden of poverty on women
- Inequalities and inadequacies in and unequal access to, education and training;
- Inequalities and inadequacies in and unequal access to, health care and related services;
- Violence against women;
- The consequences of armed or other forms of conflict on women, including those living under foreign occupation; Inequality in economic structures and policies, altogether sorts of productive activities and in access to resources;
- Inequality between men and ladies within the sharing of power and decision-making, at all levels;
- Insufficient mechanisms, at all levels, to promote the advancement of women;
- Lack of respect for and inadequate promotion and protection of, the human rights of women;
- Stereotyping of women and inequality in women’s access to and participation in, all communication systems, especially the media;
- Persistent discrimination against and violation of the rights of the girl-child.
Differential entitlement of each individual over social and politics is characteristics of traditional society e.g. Dalits were denied temple entry in traditional Indian society. Women weren’t entitled to require part in social and politics in most a part of traditional Indian society.
Entitlements are equitably distributed in modern societies. for instance class mobility is now possible to lower strata of society. They will achieve this through education, acquisition of wealth, political power etc. Feminist criticize modern criteria of entitlements. They blame that entitlement is differentially distributed modern society. Patriarchy still defines entitlements, not the modernity.
Entitlements on the idea of gender status:
Entitlements over household A woman’s right over household declines after the death of her parents.
Entitlements of ownership :over her house are restricted due to patriarchy and primordial values.
Entitlements over food: Influence of patriarchal values remains prevalent in matters of food within the family. as an example food meant for god is ready by unmarried girls and food for domestic consumption is ready by married women.
Entitlement over projecting oneself: Women make food using rental and physical labour. So her productive labour is involved in preparation of food. But she isn’t given credit for such act.
Entitlement of maiden surname changed after marriage. Prefix may be a must before the name of girls after marriage. This signifies women as personal property of man.
Entitlement over women’s own self: Women don’t have entitlement over the youngsters she goes to supply .
Entitlement over sexuality: Women’s sexuality is greatly controlled and men’s sexuality is free, during a patriarchal society. Women sexuality is subjected to patriarchal construct. Men make culture and dominate private sphere of girls .
Entitlement over work: Gender based inequality in sphere of labor is found in most societies.