Marxism and Neo Marxism | Sociology IQ
Definition of Marxism –
- Origin – Originate from the work of German philosopher Karl Marx and his friend Friedrich Engels in the 19th century.
- Marxism tries to understand the world which is based on the natural world and the society in which we stay.
Definition of Neo-Marxism –
- Neo-Marxism is based on the idea which is initially directed by Karl Marx.
- Marx believed that political power is led by economical power and this will play a major role to understand society.
- Neo Marxists believe that the economic system creates a wealthy class of owners and a poor class of laborers.
Difference between Marxism and Neo-Marxism –
- Society is a state of conflict between rich and poor.
- Rich become richer and poor become poorer.
- Minority i.e. the ruling class or the bourgeoisie, employ people to work for them and produce goods.
- The Relation between the ruling class and the workers is said to be the relation of production.
- It is a new type of thinking.
- Influenced by Traditional Marxism.
- More contemporary in nature.
- It incorporates other theorist’s ideas too.
Two important Neo Marxists are –
- Antonio Gramsci – Humanistic Marxism ( emphasize on the individual)
2. Althusser – Structuralist Marxism.